Theoretical basis of sanctions of Iran’s nuclear program: A comparison between diplomacies of Trump and Obama administrations
In the practical field of international relations, sanctions imposers have different motives for using this tool. The change in US administration’s policy regarding the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is one of the remarkable examples to this end.
The present article seeks to answer the question that where was the theoretical the theoretical different between (Donald) Trump and (Barak) Obama administrations’ sanction policies regarding Iran despite the fact that the country has been compliant to its obligations based on JCPOA. The article’s assumption is that while the sanction policy of Obama administration was based on making Iran more committed to international norms, the main motive of Trump administration is to advance US maximum interests regardless of legal international restrictions. From this aspect, JCPOA was considered an efficient deal by Obama administration while according to Trump administration it is inefficient. This hypothesis is based on two theories about efficiency of sanctions in international relations e.g. liberalism and realism. It is examined through an analytical-exploratory method using reliable data.